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Development of Listenership for Indian Hindustani Music By Using Mimetic Comprehension

Title Development of Listenership for Indian Hindustani Music By Using Mimetic Comprehension
Publication Type Master Thesis
Year of Publication 2019
Authors Gupta, R.
Abstract How can we train adults in listenership for Indian Hindustani music belonging to a different culture? Can mimetic comprehension of beat patterns using hand gestures and visual feedback improve rhythm perception and recognition ability? Culture influences the processing of music rhythm, but the precise aspects are still unknown. We developed a rhythm training setup to perform a music cognitive study and investigate the effects of visual feedback enforced mimetic comprehension of Hindustani Rhythmic Beat Patterns (also called Talas) on participants with different musical cultural background. The participants were trained in three different Talas: Tintal (16 beats), Ektal (12 beats) and Jhaptal (10 Beats). We investigated whether the participants are able to (1) detect the “Sam”, which is the starting beat of every beat cycle by pressing the key “s” on keyboard while listening to the audio excerpt and (2) recognize the Tal in 12 different audio excerpts of Hindustani Classical Music. Participants in the experimental group were trained with videos comprising visual feedback through hand gestures which were asked to imitate by themselves, while the participants of the control group were trained without visual feedback of hand gestures and just listening passively to the Talas. Their performance was recorded to measure the improvement in rhythm comprehending ability. Our results indicated that the training may be successful in developing listenership and appreciation for Indian Hindustani Music focusing more on its rhythm aspects. Also, we found out that participants in the experimental group were better at recognizing the beat pattern than the participants of the control group. However the sample size is still too small to draw conclusions from the results.
Final publication